Geo-tech politics: Why technology shapes European power

-New technologies are a major redistributor of power among states and a significant force shaping international relations.

-The European Union has for too long seen technology primarily through an economic lens, disregarding its implications for its partnerships and for its own geopolitical influence.

-If the EU wants to be more than a mediator between the two real technological powers, the United States and China, it will need to change its mindset.

-For the EU and its partners, the vulnerabilities created by battles over technology divide into two types: new dependencies and openness to foreign interference.

-The EU and its member states need deeper engagement with the geopolitical implications and geopolitical power elements of technology.

-This engagement has an external element of reaching out to partners and an internal element of ensuring close cooperation between the EU and its member states.


The European Union has unveiled the world’s first plans to regulate artificial intelligence (AI). The publication of the rules is part of a frenzy of EU tech regulation and strategies: there is also the Digital Services Act, the Digital Markets Act, the Digital Decade, the Cybersecurity Strategy, the Data Strategy, and more. Most importantly, the AI regulation follows the implementation of another major EU technology regulation that anyone who accesses the internet has encountered many times: the 2018 General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The EU is doubling down on its role as a regulatory superpower.

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